The steel industry also causes indirect emissions in other sectors, for example in the manufacturing of raw materials, such as alloys, generation of electricity and external transports. For a majority of the Swedish steel companies the indirect emissions represent a significant part of the total emissions.
By choosing products, services and suppliers with low climate impact, the steel industry can influence the value chain, deliver more climate smart products and reduce the total emissions. The Swedish steel industry is already in the front line in this area.
Maximum use of recycled raw materials, for example scrap, is a key factor for a more efficient use of resources and a low level of emissions. Access to steel scrap globally is today the limiting factor for scrap based steel production.
With an increased demand for high quality scrap and in a more circular future economy, products designed for recycling, more efficient collection of scrap and improved sorting of scrap are required to a higher extent. This means that valuable metals can be conserved and contamination minimised.
Transport can be developed primarily by streamlining the handling of goods, by optimising the entire transport system and the choice of transport methods. The development of new fuels or other fossil free means of transport is dealt with in other sectors.
The Swedish steel industry will:
Continue to evaluate its value chains to reduce the total emissions through active choices of transport, raw material and more efficient recycling.
The political agenda must:
Facilitate increased collection of steel scrap and support the development of refined sorting of scrap. Invest more and faster in climate-smart means of transport such as railways. The steel industry also recommends development of more electric highways and 74 tonne trucks.