The journey to a fossil-free Sweden
Why should Sweden take a lead?

Export of solutions to benefit the climate and the economy

From climate policy to export policy

In the present-day world there are no possibilities of forcing other countries to reduce their emissions. So the best possibility that a small country has of influencing global emissions is to take a lead and export solutions and show, at the same time, that it is possible to combine a high standard of living with emission reductions.

The vision is for Sweden to be a permanent world exhibition for fossil free technology and climate-smart solutions. Sweden should be the country that companies and other countries go to when they want to buy or develop fossil free systems. This benefits the business sector and exports, which thereby contribute to enhancing well-being at home while contributing to emission reductions globally. By taking a lead and showing how this promotes the country’s own interests, we can also inspire others to follow suit.

This strategy has meant that the climate issue in Sweden has therefore gone from being environment policy to having more to do with enterprise and export policy.

Some of the industrial projects that Sweden can showcase as part of that world exhibition are: 

Cooperation between LKAB, SSAB and Vattenfall (HYBRIT). By using hydrogen instead of coal, the process can revolutionise an industry that accounts for 6-7% of global greenhouse gas emissions. Expected to be commercially available in 2035. Read more: HYBRIT

In Skellefteå, one of Europe’s largest factory for electric car batteries is being built by Northvolt. It has a strong focus on increasing the recycling efficiency of the batteries. Production is expected to start in 2021. Read more: Northvolt

Sweden will be able to go from importing to exporting biofuel. Several refineries are being planned or are under construction. One of them is being planned by SCA in Timrå. Read more: SCA

A pilot project for electric roads has been conducted in the County of Gävleborg, and now plans are being made for expanded projects, possibly on the Helsingborg – Stockholm route.
Read more: Trafikverket

Liquid biogas (LBG) is a potential fossil free solution for both road haulage and shipping. The Drive LBG project is investing in a number of liquification plants and filling stations around Sweden, including in Mönsterås outside Kalmar. Read more: Drive LGB

Public transport in Gothenburg and the whole of the County of Västra Götaland is being electrified using buses from Volvo. By 2060 all of regional public transport provider Västtrafik’s buses will run on electricity, and 230 buses will already be in service by 2020. Read more: ElectricCity Göteborg

In Slite, cement production will be climate-neutral by 2030. This will be done by means of carbon capture and storage (CCS) and other methods. Read more: Cementa

In Norrköping, Lantmännen Agroetanol is producing ethanol with good climate properties. Along with Scania, Sekab and the Municipality of  Norrköping, they form Ethadrive – an innovation cluster that demonstrates the production and use of fuel ethanol (ED95) in heavy trucks for freight transportation. Read more: Ethadrive

Next chapter
Living in a fossil-free Sweden

To chapter 5