The automotive industry cannot manage the transition
alone; the Government needs to assist with:
• Develop on-road electricity, capacity and output in line with the roll-out of the vehicles.
• Support coordination of public and private charging.
• Influence the EU and selected bilateral agreements so that the charging infrastructure is developed by the Member States and work towards standardisation of technology.
• Continued support in the form of, for example, the Climate Leap programme and the Charge at Home grant.
• Raise the ambitions of the National Board of Housing, Building and Planning’s requirements concerning the proportion of charge points.
Policy instruments for purchases
• Adjust the bonus-malus system, for example by allocating the malus over 7 years instead of 3 years, taking into account all sustainable biofuels and taking into account transport benefits. The payment of the bonus should be adjusted so that the cars are not exported after 6 months.
• Extend the reduced taxable benefits for another 3 years and agreements entered into should apply for the duration of the agreement (normal lease period 36 months).
Policy instruments for use of the vehicle
• The Government should influence the EU so that car manufacturers can take biofuels into account in the emission requirements for 2025 and 2030 for passenger cars and vans.
• Treat plug-in hybrids as electric cars, for example by allowing plug-in hybrids in environmental zone class 3.
• Introduce additional incentives for vehicle owners to refuel with biofuels.
• Introduce differentiated congestion and bridge charges as well as parking costs.
• Introduce a smart kilometre tax in the long term to replace existing taxes and charges on vehicles.
Sweden’s climate target for the transport sector is that total emissions should be reduced by 70 per cent from 2010 to 2030. With the measures we have suggested above, our starting point is that we can still reach the 70 per cent target by 2030. The lower CO2 emissions per kilometre from passenger cars, under the scenario that 80 per cent of new car sales consist of rechargeable cars, are expected to make a significant contribution to the target — around 60 per cent reduced emissions in 2030.
In order to fully achieve the 70 per cent target, increased use of biofuels is also required. The reduction obligation is an important policy instrument, but we need more instruments to increase the share of biofuels and achieve a higher renewal rate.