The roadmap identifies several policy proposals to advance the greening of road transport. This summary presents three important ones.
1. The adaption of the Paris Agreement into EU policy
Sweden needs to push for higher climate standards in EU policy, and thus ensure EU Member States’ policies are aligned with the Paris Agreement so as to ensure a level playing field.
Public investment contributes to the upscaling of bio-refineries for biofuels based on lignin and lignocellulose.
Biofuels should be reserved for the essential heavy road transport sector, also indispensable from a security and defence perspective.
3. Eco-tax – a distance-based charging system
Fuel tax, only paid by those buying fuel in Sweden, is a suboptimal charging scheme. Fuel tax can be lowered to the EU-minimum level, allowing for a tax charged per distance and thus levelling out competition.
Eco-tax can be differentiated so that it incentivises the use of specific roads, vehicles and fuels.
Eco-tax should be administered automatically and safely, using GPS positioning technology.
Eco-tax should only be levied on trailers so as to ensure higher-capacity vehicles are not charged more than less efficient lighter and shorter vehicle combinations.